Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, 2000
Born in Dublin, Ireland, Kevin Roche received a Bachelor degree in Architecture from the National University of Ireland, Dublin, in 1945 and immigrated to the United States in 1948. He enrolled at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, to be near Mies van der Rohe. In 1951, he was hired by Eero Saarinen and Associates in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. He became a principal design associate in 1954 until Saarinen’s death in 1961.
At that time, he and his colleague in the firm, John Dinkeloo, completed ten major projects begun by Saarinen, including Dulles International Airport, the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, and the TWA terminal at JFK International Airport, New York. In 1966, they founded Kevin Roche, John Dinkeloo, and Associates in Hamden, Connecticut.
Roche’s designs include the Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, MIT; Oakland Museum, California; Deere West Office Building, Moline, Illinois; the Ford Foundation Building, New York; the Power Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan; U.N. Plaza, New York; and the Abby Aldrich Rockefeller Center for Folk Art, Williamsburg, Virginia. Roche was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize; the Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects; the Gold Medal for Architecture from the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters; the California Governor’s Award for Excellence in Design; and a Grande Medaille d’Or from the French Acadamie d’Architecture, which also elected him a member.
Building Number: W35
Accession Number: 5000.24
When the architects at Roche Dinkeloo and Associates set out to design the Zesiger Sports and Fitness Center, their challenge was to build a state-of-the-art athletic facility that also convened with MIT's architectural past. Sandwiched between the Stratton Student Center and the Johnson Athletic facility, the Z Center, as it's called, is also mere footsteps away from two of MIT's most iconic buildings, Eero Saarinen's Kresge Auditorium and MIT Chapel. No one was better suited for the job than Kevin Roche, who worked with Saarinen on Kresge Auditorium back in the 1950s.
We were, of course, very conscious of Eero's expectations for the site as a whole. And the question was how one connected two completely different-looking buildings. And how one would do that in such a way as to be complementary to the Kresge Auditorium and form a suitable background for it.
Roche and his team ultimately decided on a sleek glass and limestone facade that would allow the building, completed in 2000, to blend into the environment rather than overpower it.
The limestone refers to the early classical buildings across Massachusetts Avenue, which were limestone. One of the things that we were very interested in doing was to somehow create a building which would invite the students in. If they see the building illuminated from the inside, and they see all of these people on exercise machines, then maybe they get interested in going in. So it becomes an announcement and an invitation.
They left the fireworks for the inside of the building, where a stunning, Olympic-size swimming pool dominates the central corridor.
We had not too many opportunities for spectacle in this. But we did the best we could to make the pool the main feature. So it wasn't something that you discovered by opening a door later on in the building. So it's right there up front.
Framing the pool is an installation by artist Matthew Ritchie, called Games of Chance And Skill. You can hear more about it through the List's website.